Products based on SOCAT data products

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Global surface ocean partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) estimates from a machine learning ensemble: CSIR-ML6 v2019a. Gregor, L., Lebehot, A. D., Kok, S., and Monteiro, P. M. S. (2019). NCEI Accession 0206205, Version 1.1, NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information Dataset. doi:10.25921/z682-mn47.

A combined globally mapped carbon dioxide (CO2) flux estimate based on the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas Database (SOCAT) and Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling (SOCCOM) biogeochemistry floats from 1982 to 2017 (NCEI Accession 0191304). Landschützer, P., Bushinsky, S. M., and Gray, A. R. (2019) NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.25921/9hsn-xq82

Global Mean Sea Water pH. E.U. Copernicus Marine Service Information. (2019).

Reanalysed (depth and temperature consistent) surface ocean CO2 atlas (SOCAT) version 2019. Holding, T., Ashton, I., and Shutler, J. D. (2019). doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.905316

Update to the Data and Code archive for the interpolation of surface ocean carbon dioxide. Jones, S. D., Le Quéré, C., Rödenbeck, C., Manning, A. C., and Olsen, A. (2019). doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.898196


Ocean carbon uptake and marine carbon cycle feedbacks – gridded climatologies of pCO2, SST, Salinity and estimated TA. Fassbender, A. (2018).

FluxEngine v2.0 and v3.0 reference and verification data. Holding, T., Ashton, I., Woolf, D.K. and Shutler, J.D. (2018). College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, PANGAEA.

Sea-air CO2 flux based on the SOCAT data set of pCO2 observations. Rödenbeck, C., Bakker, D. C. E., Metzl, N., Olsen, A., Sabine, C., Keeling, R. F., Heimann, M., and all SOCAT contributors (2018).

Global Ocean Surface Water Partial Pressure of CO2 Database: Measurements Performed During 1968 – 2007 (Version 2007). Takahashi, T. and Sutherland, S.C. (2018). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) Datasets.


Global surface-ocean pCO2 and sea-air CO2 fluxes. Rödenbeck, C. (2017).


ESMValTool (v1.0) – a community diagnostic and performance metrics tool for routine evaluation of Earth system models in CMIP. Eyring, V., Righi, M., Lauer, A., Evaldsson, M., Wenzel, S., Jones, C., Anav, A., Andrews, O., Cionni, I., Davin, E. L., Deser, C., Ehbrecht, C., Friedlingstein, P., Gleckler, P., Gottschaldt, K.‑D., Hagemann, S., Juckes, M., Kindermann, S., Krasting, J., Kunert, D., Levine, R., Loew, A., Mäkelä, J., Martin, G., Mason, E., Phillips, A. S., Read, S., Rio, C., Roehrig, R., Senftleben, D., Sterl, A., van Ulft, L. H., Walton, J., Wang, S. and Williams, K. D. (2018). Geoscientific Model Development, 9(5), 1747‑1802. doi:10.5194/gmd‑9‑1747‑2016.

Data-based estimates of the ocean carbon sink variability – First results of the Surface Ocean pCO2 Mapping intercomparison (SOCOM). Rödenbeck, C., Bakker, D. C. E., Gruber, N., Iida, Y., Jacobson, A. R., Jones, S., Landschützer, P., Metzl, N., Nakaoka, S., Olsen, A., Park, G.‑H., Peylin, P., Rodgers, K. B., Sasse, T. P., Schuster, U., Shutler, J. D., Valsala, V., Wanninkhof, R. and Zeng, J. (2018). Biogeosciences, 12(23), 7251‑7278. doi:10.5194/bg‑12‑7251‑2015.

Oceanflux Greenhouse Gases Evolution Project (2014-2016), Greenhouse Gases Project (2011-2013) and FluxEngine. (2016).


A 30 years observation-based global monthly gridded sea surface pCO2 product from 1982 through 2011. Landschützer, P., Gruber, N. and Bakker, D. C. E. (2015).


An observation-based global monthly gridded sea surface pCO2 product from 1998 through 2011 and its monthly climatology. Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Bakker, D. C. E. and Schuster, U. (2014).

Reconstructed surface ocean CO2 in 1990-2011 with link to a feed-forward neural network model in NetCDF format. Zeng, J. (2014).


Global surface-ocean pCO2 and sea-air CO2 fluxes. Rödenbeck, C., Keeling, R. F., Bakker, D. C. E., Metzl, N., Olsen, A., Sabine, C. L., Heimann, M. (2013).