Publications based on SOCAT products

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Last updated: 12.02.2018

Peer-reviewed publications


Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Bakker, D. C. E., Stemmler, I., and Six, K. D. (2018). Strengthening seasonal marine CO₂ variations due to increasing atmospheric CO₂. Nature Climate Change, 8, 146‑150. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0057-x.

Laruelle, G. G., Cai, W.‑J., Hu, X., Gruber, N., Mackenzie, F. T., and Regnier, P. (2018). Continental shelves as a variable but increasing global sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide. Nature Communications, 9, 454. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-02738-z.


Arnone, V., González‑Dávila, M., and Santana‑Casiano, J. M. (2017). CO₂ fluxes in the South African coastal region. Marine Chemistry, 195, 41‑49. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2017.07.008.

Blomquist, B. W., Brumer, S. E., Fairall, C. W., Huebert, B. J., Zappa, C. J., Brooks, I. M., Yang, M., Bariteau, L., Prythech, J., Hare, J. E., Czerski, H., Matei, A., and Pascal, R. W. (2017). Wind speed and sea state dependencies of air-sea gas transfer: Results from the high wind speed gas exchange study (HiWinGS). Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans122, 8034–8062, doi:10.1002/2017JC013181.

Chou, W.‑C., Tishchenko, P. Y., Chuang, K. Y., Gong, G.‑C., Shkirnikova, W. M., and Tishchenko, P. P. (2017). The contrasting behaviors of CO₂ systems in river-dominated and ocean-dominated continental shelves: A case study in the East China Sea and the Peter the Great Bay of the Japan/East Sea in summer 2014. Marine Chemistry, 195, 50‑60. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2017.04.005.

Clarke, J. S., Achterberg, E. P., Connelly, D. P., Schuster, U., and Mowlem, M. (2017). Developments in marine pCO₂ measurement technology; towards sustained in situ observations. Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 88, 53‑61. doi:10.1016/j.trac.2016.12.008.

DeVries, T., Holzer, M., and Primeau, F. (2017). Recent increase in oceanic carbon uptake driven by weaker upper-ocean overturning. Nature 542, 215‑218. doi:10.1038/nature21068.

Esters, L., Landwehr, S., Sutherland, G., Bell, T. G., Christensen, K. H., Saltzman, E. S., Miller, S. D. and Ward, B. (2017). Parameterizing air-sea gas transfer velocity with dissipation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans122(4), 3041‑3056. doi:10.1002/2016JC012088.

Fassbender, A. J., Alin, S. R., Feely. R. A., Sutton A. J., Newton, J., and Byrne, R. H. (2017): Estimating total alkalinity in the Washington State coastal zone: Complexities and surprising utility for ocean acidification research. Estuaries and Coast, 40(2), 404–418. doi:10.1007/s12237‑016‑0168-z.

Fassbender, A. J., Palevsky, H. J., Martz, T. R., Ingalls, A. E., Gledhill, M., Fawcett, S. E., Brandes, J. A., and Aluwihare, L. I. (2017). Perspectives on chemical oceanography in the 21st century: Participants of the COME ABOARD meeting examine aspects of the field in the context of 40 years of DISCO. Marine Chemistry, 196, 181‑190. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2017.09.002.

Fassbender, A. J., Sabine, C. L., Cronin, M. F., and Sutton, A. J. (2017). Mixed layer carbon cycling at the Kuroshio Extension Observatory. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31, 272–288. doi:10.1002/2016GB005547.

Fassbender A. J., Sabine, C. L., and Palevsky, H. I. (2017). Non-Uniform ocean acidification and attenuation of the ocean carbon sink. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 8404‑8413. doi:10.1002/2017GL074389.

Fay, A., and R., McKinley, G. A. (2017). Correlations of surface ocean pCO₂ to satellite chlorophyll on monthly to interannual timescales. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 31, 436‑455. doi:10.1002/2016GB005563.

Feig, G. T., Joubert, W. R., Mudau, A. E., and Monteiro, P. M. S. (2017). South African carbon observations: CO₂ measurements for land, atmosphere and ocean. South African Journal of Science, 113(11), 15‑18. doi:10.17159/sajs.2017/a0237.

Feng, E. Y., Koeve, W., Keller, D. P., and Oschlies, A. (2017). Model‑based assessment of the CO₂ sequestration potential of coastal ocean alkalinization. Earth’s Future, 5(12), 1252-1266. doi:10.1002/2017EF000659.

Ford, D., and Barciela, R. (2017). Global marine biogeochemical reanalyses assimilating two different sets of merged ocean colour products. Remote Sensing of Environment, 203, 40‑54. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2017.03.040.

Fransson, A., Chierici, M., Skjelvan, I., Olsen, A., Assmy, P., Peterson, A. K., Spreen, G. and Ward, B. (2017). Effects of sea-ice and biogeochemical processes and storms on under ice water fCO₂ during the winter-spring transition in the high Arctic Ocean: Implications for sea-air CO₂ fluxes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans122, 5566‑5587. doi:10.1002/2016JC012478.

Ganachaud, A., Cravatte, S., Sprintall, J., Germineaud, C., Alberty, M., Jeandel, C., Eldin, G., Metzl, N., Bonnet, S., Benavides, M., Heimburger, L.‑E., Lefèvre, J., Michael, S., Resing, J., Quéroué, F., Sarthou, G., Rodier, M., Berthelot, H., Baurand, F., Grelet, J., Hasegawa, T., Kessler, W., Kilepak, M., Lacan, F., Privat, E., Send, U., Van Beek, P., Souhaut, M., Sonke, and J. E. (2017). The Solomon Sea: its circulation, chemistry, geochemistry and biology explored during two oceanographic cruises. Elementa – Science of the Anthropocene, 5, 33. doi:10.1525/elementa.221.

Gharamti, M. E., Tjiputra, J., Bethke, I., Samuelsen, A., Skjelvan, I., Bentsen, M., and Bertino, L. (2017). Ensemble Data Assimilation for Ocean Biogeochemical State and Parameter Estimation at Different Sites. Ocean Modelling, 112, 65‑89. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2017.02.006.

González‑Dávila, M., Santana Casiano, J. M., and Machín, F. (2017). Changes in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the Mauritanian‑Cap Vert upwelling region between 2005 and 2012. Biogeosciences, 14, 3859‑3871. doi:10.5194/bg‑14‑3859‑2017.

Ho, D. T., Ferrón, S., Engel, V. C., Anderson, W. T., Swart, P. K., Price, R. M., and Barbero, L. (2017). Dissolved carbon biogeochemistry and export in mangrove-dominated rivers of the Florida Everglades. Biogeosciences 14, 2543‑2559. doi:10.5194/bg-14‑2543‑2017.

Honda, M. C., Wakita, M., Matsumoto, K., Fujiki, T., Siswanto, E., Sasaoka, K., Kawakami, H., Mino, Y., Sukigara, C., Kitamura, M., Sasai, Y., Smith, S. L., Hashioka, T., Yoshikawa, C., Kimoto, K., Watanabe, S., Kobari, T., Nagata, T., Hamasaki, K., Kaneko, R., Uchimiya, M., Fukuda, H., Abe, O., and Saino, T. (2017). Comparison of carbon cycle between the western Pacific subarctic and subtropical time-series stations: Highlights of the K2S1 project. Journal of Oceanography, 73, 647‑667. doi:10.1007/s10872‑017‑0423‑3.

Ibánhez, J. S. P., Flores, M., and, Lefèvre, N. (2017). Collapse of the tropical and subtropical North Atlantic CO₂ sink in boreal spring of 2010. Scientific Reports, 7, 41694‑41702. doi:10.1038/srep41694.

Johnson, K. S., Plant, J. N., Coletti, L. J., Jannasch, H. W., Sakamoto, C. M., Riser, S. C., Swift, D. D., Williams, N. L., Boss, E., Haëntjens, N., Talley, L. D. and Sarmiento, J. L. (2017). Biogeochemical sensor performance in the SOCCOM profiling float array. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122, 6416‑6436. doi:10.1002/2017JC012838.

Kitidis, V., Brown, I., Hardman‑Mountford, N., and Lefèvre, N. (2017). Surface ocean carbon dioxide during the Atlantic Meridional Transect (1995‑2013); evidence of ocean acidification. Progress in Oceanography, 158, 65‑75. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2016.08.005.

Kubota, K., Yokoyama, Y., Ishikawa, T., Suzuki, A., and Ishii, M. (2017). Rapid decline in pH of coral calcification fluid due to incorporation of anthropogenic CO₂. Scientific Reports, 7, 7694. doi:10.1038/s41598‑017‑07680‑0.

Lansø, A. S., Sørensen, L. L., Christensen, J. H., Rutgersson, A., and Geels, C. (2017). The influence of short-term variability in surface water on modelled air–sea exchange. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 69(1), 1302670. doi:10.1080/16000889.2017.1302670.

Laruelle, G. G., Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Tison, J.‑L., Delille, B., and Regnier, P. (2017). Global high‑resolution monthly pCO₂ climatology for the coastal ocean derived from neural network interpolation. Biogeosciences, 14, 4545‑4561. doi:10.5194/bg‑14‑4545‑2017.

Liu, W. T., and Xie, X. (2017). Space observation of carbon dioxide partial pressure at ocean surface. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observaions and Remote Sensing, 10, 5472‑5484. doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2766138.

Manno, C., Bednaršek, N., Tarling, G., Peck, V., Comeau, S., Adhikari, D., Bakker, D. C. E., Bauerfeind, E., Bergan, A., Berning, M., Buitenhuis, E., Burridge, A., Chierici, M., Floeter, S., Fransson, A., Gardner, J., Howes, E., Keul, N., Kimoto, K., Kohnert, P., Lawson, G., Lischka, S., Maas, A., Mekkes, L., Oakes, R., Pebody, C., Peijnenburg, K., Seifert, M., Skinner, J., Thibodeau, P., Wall‑Palmer, D., and Ziveir, P. (2017). Shelled pteropods in peril: Assessing vulnerability in a high CO₂ ocean. Earth‑Science Reviews, 169, 132‑145. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.04.005.

McKinley, G. A., Fay, A. R., Lovenduski, N., and Pilcher, D. J. (2017). Natural variability and anthropogenic trends in the ocean carbon sink. Annual Review of Marine Science, 9, 125‑150. doi:10.1146/annurev‑marine‑010816‑060529.

Mikaloff Fletcher, S. E. (2017). Ocean circulation drove increase in CO₂ uptake. Nature, 542, 169‑170. doi:10.1038/542169a.

Olsen, A. (2017). Autonomous observing platform CO₂ data shed new light on the Southern Ocean carbon cycle. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31, 1032‑1035. doi:10.1002/2017GB005676.

Ritter, R.,Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Fay, A. R., Iida, Y., Jones, S. D., Nakaoka, S., Park, G.‑H., Peylin, P., Rödenbeck, C., Rodgers, K. B., Shutler, J. D., and Zeng, J. (2017). Observation‑based trends of the Southern Ocean carbon sink. Geophysical Research Letters, 44. doi:10.1002/2017GL074837.

Rosso, I., Mazloff , M. R., Verdy, A. and Talley, L. D. (2017). Space and time variability of the Southern Ocean carbon budget. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans122, 7407–7432, 10.1002/2016JC012646.

Schartau, M., Wallhead, P., Hemmings, J., Löptien, U., Kriest, I., Krishna, S., Ward, B. A., Slawig, T., and Oschlies, A. (2017). Reviews and syntheses: parameter identification in marine planktonic ecosystem modelling. Biogeosciences, 14, 1647‑1701. doi:10.5194/bg‑14‑1647‑2017.

Sims, R. P., Schuster, U., Watson, A. J., Yang, M. X., Hopkins, F. E., Stephens, J., and Bell, T. G. (2017). A measurement system for vertical seawater profiles close to the air‑sea interface. Ocean Science, 13, 649‑660. doi:10.5194/os‑13‑649‑2017.

Sutton, A. J., Wanninkhof, R., Sabine, C. L., Feely, R. A., Cronin, M. F., Weller, R. A. (2017). Variability and trends in surface seawater pCO₂ and CO₂ flux in the Pacific Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 5627–5636. doi:10.1002/2017GL073814.

Verdy, A. and Mazloff, M. R. (2017). A data assimilating model for estimating Southern Ocean biogeochemistry. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122, 6968–6988. doi:10.1002/2016JC012650.

Wang, H., Hu, X., Cai, W.‑J., and Sterba‑Boatwright, B. (2017). Decadal fCO₂ trends in global ocean margins and adjacent boundary current-influenced areas. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 8962–8970. doi:10.1002/2017GL074724.

Wanninkhof, R., Triñanes, J. (2017). The impact of changing wind speeds on gas transfer and its effect on global air-sea CO₂ fluxes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31, 961‑974. doi:10.1002/2016GB005592.

Williams, N. L., Juranek, L. W., Feely, R. A., Johnson, K. S., Sarmiento, J. L., Talley, L. D., Dickson, A. G., Gray, A. R., Wanninkhof, R., Russell, J. L., Riser, S. C. and Takeshita, Y. (2017). Calculating surface ocean pCO₂ from biogeochemical Argo floats equipped with pH: an uncertainty analysis. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31, 591‑604. doi:10.1002/2016GB005541.

Xue, L., Cai, W.‑J., Sutton, A. J., and Sabine, C. L. (2017). Sea surface aragonite saturation state variations and control mechanisms at the Gray’s Reef time-series site off Georgia, USA (2006–2007). Marine Chemistry, 195, 27‑40. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2017.05.009.

Zeng, J., Matsunaga, T., Saigusa, N., Shirai, T., Nakaoka, S.‑I., and Tan, Z.‑H. (2017). Technical note: Evaluation of three machine learning models for surface ocean CO₂ mapping. Ocean Science 13, 303‑313. doi:10.5194/os-13‑303‑2017.

Zhang, Y. G., Pagani, M., Henderiks, J., and Ren, H. (2017). A long history of equatorial deep-water upwelling in the Pacific Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 467, 1‑9. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.03.016.

Zscheischler, J., Mahecha, M. D., Avitabile, V., Calle, L., Carvalhais, N., Ciais, P., Gans, F., Gruber, N., Hartmann, J., Herold, M., Ichii, K., Jung, M., Landschützer, P., Laruelle, G. G., Lauerwald, R., Papale, D., Peylin, P., Poulter, B., Ray, D., Regnier, P., Rödenbeck, C., Roman-Cuesta, R. M., Schwalm, C., Tramontana, G., Tyukavina, A., Valentini, R., van der Werf, G., West, T. O., Wolf, J. E., and Reichstein, M. (2017). Reviews and syntheses: An empirical spatiotemporal description of the global surface–atmosphere carbon fluxes: opportunities and data limitations. Biogeosciences 14, 3685‑3703. doi:10.5194/bg‑14‑3685‑2017.


Ashton, I. G., Shutler, J. D., Land, P. E., Woolf, D. K., and Quartly, G. D. (2016). A sensitivity analysis of the impact of rain on regional and global sea-air fluxes of CO₂. PLOS ONE, 11(9), e0161105. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161105.

Balch, W. M., Bates, N. R., Lam, P. J., Twining, B. S., Rosengard, S. Z., Bowler, B. C., Drapeau, D. T., Garley, R., Lubelczyk, Mitchell, C., and Rauschenbeerg, S. (2016). Factors regulating the Great Calcite Belt in the Southern Ocean and its biogeochemical significance. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30(8), 1124‑1144. doi:10.1002/2016GB005414.

Bonou, F. K., Noriega, C., Lefèvre, N., and Araujo, M. (2016). Distribution of CO₂ parameters in the Western Tropical Atlantic Ocean. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 73, 47‑60. doi:10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2015.12.001.

Bourgeois, T., Orr, J. C., Resplandy, L., Terhaar, J., Ethé, C., Gehlen, M., and Bopp, L. (2016). Coastal-ocean uptake of anthropogenic carbon. Biogeosciences 13, 4167‑4185. doi:10.5194/bg‑13‑4167‑2016.

Chen, S., Hu, C., Byrne, R. H., Robbins, L. L., and Yang, B. (2016). Remote estimation of surface pCO₂ on the West Florida Shelf. Continental Shelf Research, 128, 10‑25. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2016.09.004.

Ciavatta, S., Kay, S., Saux‑Picart, S., Butenschön, M., and Allen, J. I. (2016). Decadal reanalysis of biogeochemical indicators and fluxes in the North West European shelf-sea ecosystem. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 121, 1824‑1845. doi:10.1002/2015JC011496.

Couldrey, M. P., Oliver, K. I. C., Yool, A., Halloran, P. R., and Achterberg, E. P. (2016). On which timescales do gas transfer velocities control North Atlantic CO₂ flux variability? Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, 787‑802. doi:10.1002/2015GB005267.

Dong, F., Li, Y., Wang, B., Huang, W., Shi, Y., and Dong, W. (2016). Global air–sea CO₂ flux in 22 CMIP5 models: Multiyear mean and interannual variability. Journal of Climate, 29, 2407‑2431. doi:10.1175/JCLI‑D‑14‑00788.1.

Eyring, V., Righi, M., Lauer, A., Evaldsson, M., Wenzel, S., Jones, C., Anav, A., Andrews, O., Cionni, I., Davin, E. L., Deser, C., Ehbrecht, C., Friedlingstein, P., Gleckler, P., Gottschaldt, K.‑D., Hagemann, S., Juckes, M., Kindermann, S., Krasting, J., Kunert, D., Levine, R., Loew, A., Mäkelä, J., Martin, G., Mason, E., Phillips, A., Read, S., Rio, C., Roehrig, R., Senftleben, D., Sterl, A., Van Ulft, L. H., Walton, J., Wang, S., and Williams, K. D. (2016). ESMValTool (v1.0) – a community diagnostic and performance metrics tool for routine evaluation of Earth system models in CMIP. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 1747‑1802. doi:10.5194/gmd-9‑1747‑2016.

Feng, E. Y., Keller, D. P., Koeve, W., and Oschlies, A. (2016). Could artificial ocean alkalinization protect tropical coral ecosystems from ocean acidification? Environmental Research Letters, 11(7), 074008. doi:10.1088/1748‑9326/11/7/074008.

Forkel, M., Carvalhais, N., Rödenbeck, C., Keeling, R., Heimann, M., Thonicke, K., Zaehle, S., and Reichstein, M. (2016). Enhanced seasonal CO₂ exchange caused by amplified plant productivity in northern ecosystems. Science, 351(6274), 696‑699. Supplement.doi:10.1126/science.aac4971.

Ibánhez, J. S. P., Araujo, M., and Lefèvre, N. (2016). The overlooked tropical oceanic CO₂ sink. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 3830‑3838. doi:10.1002/2016GL068020.

Ito, R. G., Garcia, C. A. E., and Tavano, V. M. (2016). Net sea-air CO₂ fluxes and modelled pCO₂ in the southwestern subtropical Atlantic continental shelf during spring 2010 and summer 2011. Continental Shelf Research, 119, 68‑84.doi:10.1016/j.csr.2016.03.013.

Iudicone, D., Rodgers, K. B., Plancherel, Y., Aumont, O., Ito, T., Key, R. M., Madec, G., and Ishii, M. (2016). The formation of the ocean’s anthropogenic carbon reservoir. Scientific Reports, 6, 35473. doi:10.1038/srep35473.

Jones, C. D., Arora, V., Friedlingstein, P., Bopp, L., Brovkin, V., Dunne, J., Graven, H., Hoffman, F., Ilyina, T., John, J. G., Jung, M., Kawamiya, M., Koven, C., Pongratz, J., Raddatz, T., Randerson, J., and Zaehle, S. (2016). C4MIP – The Coupled Climate-Carbon Model Intercomparison Project: experimental protocol for CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 2853‑2880. doi:10.5194/gmd-2016‑36.

Kessler A., and Tjiputra, J. (2016). Southern Ocean as a constraint to reduce uncertainty in future ocean carbon sinks. Earth System Dynamics, 7, 295‑312. doi:10.5194/esd-7‑295‑2016.

Kitidis, V., Brown, I., Hardman‑Mountford, N., and Lefèvre, N. (2016). Surface ocean carbon dioxide during the Atlantic Meridional Transect (1995–2013): Evidence of ocean acidification. Progress in Oceanography, in press. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2016.08.005.

Ko, Y. H., Lee, K., Noh, J. H., Lee, C. M., Kleypas, J. O., Jeong, H. J., and Kim, K. Y. (2016). Influence of ambient water intrusion on coral reef acidification in the Chuuk lagoon, located in the coral-rich western Pacific Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 3830‑3838. doi:10.1002/2016GL068234.

Kosugi, N., Sasano, D., Ishii, M., and Enyo, K. (2016). Autumn CO₂ chemistry in the Japan Sea and the impact of discharges from the Changjiang River. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 6536‑6549. doi:10.1002/2016JC011838.

Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., and Bakker, D. C. E. (2016). Decadal variations and trends of the global ocean carbon sink. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, 1396‑1417. doi:10.1002/2015GB005359.

Lauvset, S. K., Key, R. M., Olsen, A., Van Heuven, S., Velo, A., Lin, X., Schirnick, C., Kozyr, A., Tanhua, T., Hoppema, M., Jutterström, S., Steinfeldt, R., Jeansson, E., Ishii, M., Perez, F. F., Suzuki, T., and Watelet, S. (2016). A new global interior ocean mapped climatology: the 1°x1° GLODAP version 2. Earth System Science Data, 8, 325‑340. doi:10.5194/essd-8‑325‑2016.

Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R. M., Canadell, J. G., Sitch, S., Korsbakken, J. I., Peters, G. P., Manning, A. C., Boden, T. A., Tans, P. P., Houghton, R. A., Keeling, R. F., Alin, S., Andrews, O. D., Anthoni, P., Barbero, L., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L. P., Ciais, P., Currie, K., Delire, C., Doney, S. C., Friedlingstein, P., Gkritzalis, T., Harris, I., Hauck, J., Haverd, V., Hoppema, M., Klein Goldewijk, K., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Körtzinger, A., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., Melton, J. R., Metzl, N., Millero, F., Monteiro, P. M. S., Munro, D. R., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Nakaoka, S.‑I., O’Brien, K., Olsen, A., Omar, A. M., Ono, T., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rödenbeck, C., Salisbury, J., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Stocker, B. D., Sutton, A. J., Takahashi, T., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., van der Laan‑Luijkx, I. T., van der Werf, G. R., Viovy, N., Walker, A. P., Wiltshire, A. J., and Zaehle, S. (2016). Global Carbon Budget 2016. Earth System Science Data, 8, 605‑649. doi:10.5194/essd-8‑605‑2016.

Li, H., Ilyina, T., Müller, W. A., and Sienz, F. (2016). Decadal predictions of the North Atlantic CO₂ uptake. Nature Communications, 7, 11076‑11082. doi:10.1038/ncomms11076.

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Chierici, M., Signorini, S. R., Mattsdotter‑Björk, M., Fransson, A., and Olsen, A. (2012). Surface water fCO₂ algorithms for the high-latitude Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean. Remote Sensing of the Environment, 119, 184‑196. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2011.12.020.

Tjiputra, J. F., Olsen, A., Assmann, K., Pfeil, B., and Heinze, C. (2012). A model study of the seasonal and long–term North Atlantic surface pCO₂ variability. Biogeosciences, 9, 907‑923. doi:10.5194/bg-9‑907‑2012.

Wakelin, S. L., Holt, J. T., Blackford, J. C., Allen, J. I., Butenschön, M., and Artioli, Y. (2012). Modeling the carbon fluxes of the northwest European continental shelf: Validation and budgets. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 117, C05020. doi:10.1029/2011JC007402.

While, J., Totterdell, I., and Martin, M. (2012). Assimilation of pCO₂ data into a global coupled physical-biogeochemical ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 117, C03037. doi:10.1029/2010JC006815.


Bozec, Y., Merlivat, L., Baudoux, A.‑C., Beaumont, L., Blain, S., Bucciarelli, E., Danguy, T., Grossteffan, E., Guillot, A., Guillou, J., Repecaud, M., and Treguer, P. (2011). Diurnal to inter-annnual dynamics of pCO₂ recorded by a CARIOCA sensor in a temperate coastal ecosystem (2003‑2009). Marine Chemistry, 126(1‑4), 13‑26. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2011.03.003.

Ishii, M., Kosugi, N., Sasano, D., Saito, S., Midorikawa, T., and Inoue, H. Y. (2011). Ocean acidification off the south coast of Japan: A result from time series observations of CO₂ parameters from 1994 to 2008. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 116doi:10.1029/2010JC006831.

Lourantou, A., and Metzl, N. (2011). Decadal evolution of carbon sink within a strong bloom area in the subantarctic zone. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L23608. doi:10.1029/2011GL049614.


de la Paz, M., Padín, X. A., Ríos, A. F., and Pérez, F. F. (2010). Surface fCO₂ variability in the Loire plume and adjacent shelf waters: High spatio-temporal resolution study using ships of opportunity. Marine Chemistry, 118(3‑4), 108‑118. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2009.11.004.

Glover, D. M., Wiebe, P. H., Chandler, C. L., and Levitus, S. (2010). IOC contributions to international, interdisciplinary open data sharing. Oceanography23(3), 140–151. doi:10.5670/oceanog.2010.29.

Hungershoefer, K., Breon, F.‑M., Peylin, P., Chevallier, F., Rayner, P., Klonecki, A., Houweling, S., and Marshall, J. (2010). Evaluation of various observing systems for the global monitoring of CO₂ surface fluxes. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 10503‑10520. doi:10.5194/acp-10‑10503‑2010.

Juranek, L. W., Hamme, R. C., Kaiser, J., Wanninkhof, R., and Quay, P. D. (2010). Evidence of O₂ consumption in underway seawater lines: Implications for air-sea O₂ and CO₂ fluxes. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L01601, doi:10.1029/2009GL040423.

Lefèvre, N., Diverrès, D., and Gallois, F. (2010). Origin of CO₂ undersaturation in the western tropical Atlantic. Tellus B, 62B, 595–607. doi:10.1111/j.1600‑0889.2010.00475.x.

Metzl, N., Corbière, A., Reverdin, G., Lenton, A., Takahashi, T., Olsen, A., Johannessen, T., Pierrot, D., Wanninkhof, R., Ólafsdóttir, S. R., Olafsson, J., and Ramonet, M. (2010). Recent acceleration of the sea surface fCO₂ growth rate in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre (1993–2008) revealed by winter observations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB4004. doi:10.1029/2009GB003658.

Padin, X. A., Vazquez‑Rodriguez,  M., Castaño, M., Velo, A., Alonso‑Perez, F., Gago, J., Gilcoto, M., Alvarez, M., Pardo, P. C., de la Paz, M., Rios, A. F., and Perez, F. F. (2010). Air-Sea CO₂ fluxes in the Atlantic as measured during boreal spring and autumn. Biogeosciences, 7, 1587–1606. doi:10.5194/bg-7‑1587‑2010.

Sabine, C. L., Ducklow, H. W., and Hood, M. (2010). International Carbon Coordination: Roger Revelle’s legacy in the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission. Oceanography, 23(3), 48‑61. doi:10.5670/oceanog.2010.23.

Wong, C. S., James, R., Christian, S.‑K., Wong, E., Page, J., Xie, L., and Johannessen, S. (2010). Carbon dioxide in surface seawater of the eastern North Pacific Ocean (Line P), 1973–2005. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 57(5), 687–695. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.02.003.


Doney, S. C., Tilbrook, B., Roy, S., Metzl, N., Le Quéré, C., Hood, M., Feely, R. A., and Bakker, D. C. E. (2009). Surface Ocean CO₂ Variability and Vulnerability. Deep-Sea Research II, 56(8‑10), 504‑511. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.12.016.

Metzl, N. (2009). Decadal increase of oceanic carbon dioxide in Southern Indian Ocean surface waters (1991–2007). Deep Sea Research II56(8–10), 607–619. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.12.007.

Other publications


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Jones, S. D., Le Quéré, C., Rödenbeck, C., Manning, A., Olsen, A. (2017). A statistical gap-filling method to interpolate global monthly surface ocean carbon dioxide data. In: Ferrera, I. (Ed.) Climate change and the oceanic carbon cycle, 15‑62. doi:10.1201/9781315207490‑3. Canada Apple Academic Press.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2017). Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth’s Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi:10.17226/24919.

NOAA Climate Program Office (2017). 2016 CPO Annual Report. Last access 14.08.2017.

Pinty, B., Janssens‑Maenhout, G., Dowell, M., Zunker, H., Brunhes, T., Ciais, P., Dee, D., Denier van der Gon, H., Dolman, H., Drinkwater, M., Engelen, R., Heimann, M., Holmlund, K., Husband, R., Kentarchos, A., Meijer, Y., Palmer, P., Scholze, M., (2017). An Operational Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions Monitoring & Verification Support capacity – Baseline Requirements. Model Components and Functional Architecture. European Commission Joint Research Centre, EUR 28736 EN. doi:10.2760/08644.

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Goudet, J.-L. (2016). Journée mondiale de l’océan: Dix chiffres étonnants à connaître. Futura Environnement, Le 08/06/2016. Available at: (last access 02.12.2017).

Hellström, M., Vermeulen, A., Mirzov, O., Sabbatini, S., Vitale, D., Papale, D., Tarniewicz, J., Hazan, L., Rivier, L., Jones, S. D., Pfeil, B., and Johannessen, T. (2016). Near real time data processing in ICOS RI. In: Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Interoperable infrastructures for interdisciplinary big data sciences (IT4RIs 16) in the context of IEEE Real-time System Symposium (RTSS). Zenodo. doi:10.5281/zenodo.204817.

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Ostle, C., Williamson, P., Artioli, Y., Bakker, D. C. E., Birchenough, S., Davis, C. E., Dye, S., Edwards, M., Findlay, H. S., Greenwood, N., Hartman, S., Humphreys, M. P., Jickells, T., Johnson, M., Landschützer, P., Parker, R., Pearce, D., Pinnegar, J., Robinson, C., Schuster, U., Silburn, B., Thomas, R., Wakelin, S., Walsham, P., and Watson, A. J. (2016). Carbon dioxide and ocean acidification observations in UK waters. Synthesis report with a focus on 2010‑2015. 44 pp. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.4819.4164 (last access 06.12.2017).

Sallée, J. B., Mazloff, M., Meredith, M., Hughes, C., Rintoul, S., Gomez, R., Metzl, N., Lo Monaco, C., Schmidtko, S., Mata, M., Wahlin, A., Swart, S., Williams, M., Naveira‑Garabato, A., and Monteiro, P. (2016). Southern Ocean. In: State of the Climate in 2015, Blunden, J., and Arndt, D. S. (Eds), Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(8), S166–S168. doi:10.1175/2016BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.

Snaith, H., Jones, S. D. and Pfeil, B. (2016). Progress assessment toward sustainable processing streams from each FixO3 observatory. Deliverable 4.5 of the FixO3 project. Last access 23.01.2018

SOLAS Scientific Steering Committee and SOLAS International Project Office (2016). SOLAS 2015‑2025: Implementation Strategy 2016‑2018. Version 1 – 22 December 2016. 25 pp. SOLAS International Project Office, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel. Available at: (last access 06.12.2017).

Takahashi, T., and Sutherland, S. C. (2016). Global ocean surface water partial pressure of CO₂ database: Measurements performed during 1957‑2015. (Version 2015). ORNL/CDIAC-161. NDP-088(V2015) (last access 06.12.2017).

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Boot, K. J., Watson, A., Bakker, D. C. E., Schuster, U., Greenwood, N., Turley, C., and Williamson, P. (2015). UK Ocean Acidification programme synopsis: Variability and trends in ocean pH. UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme/Plymouth Marine Laboratory. (last access 08.12.2017).

Brettle, M. (2015). Future measurements for climate monitoring. Meeting report, Royal Meteorological Society. Weather, 70(10), 301‑302. doi:10.1002/wea.2524.

Freeman, N. M., and Lovenduski, N. S. (2015). Decreased calcification in the Southern Ocean over the satellite record. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 1834–1840. doi:10.1002/2014GL062769.

Feely, R. A., Wanninkhof, R., Carter, B., Mathis, J. T., and Sabine, C. L. (2015). Ocean carbon. In: Chapter 3, Global Oceans, Johnson, G. C., Parsons, A. R. (Eds.). In: State of the Climate in 2014. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96(7), S87–S90.

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Gruber, N. (2015). Carbon at the coastal interface. News and Views. Nature517, 148‑149. doi:10.1038/nature14082.

Hood, R. R., Bange, H. W., Beal, L., Beckley, L. E., Burkill, P., Cowie, G. L., D’Adamo, N., Ganssen, G., Hendon, H., Hermes, J., Honda, M., McPhaden, M., Roberts, M., Singh, S., Urban, E., and Yu, W. (2015). Science Plan of the Second International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE-2): A Basin-Wide Research Program. Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, Newark, Delaware, USA. Available at:‑2020.pdf (last access 08.12.2017).

Kaye, J., and Downy, C. (2015). IGBP and Earth observation: a co-evolution. IGBP Global Change Magazine, 84, 24‑27. ISSN 0284‑5865.

Kock, A., Bange, H. W. (2015). Counting the ocean’s greenhouse gas emissions. Eos, 96, 10 February 2015. doi:10.1029/2015EO023665.

Kolodziejczyk, N., Boutin, J., Hernandez, O., Sommer, A., Reverdin, G., Marchand, S., Martin, N., Vergely, J.‑L., and Yin, X. (2015). Argo and SMOS SSS combination helps monitoring SSS variability from basin scale to mesoscale. Mercator Ocean – Coriolis Quarterly Newsletter, 52, 16‑21 (May 2015). Coriolis Quarterly Newsletter (last access 08.12.2017).

Liu, W. T., and Katsaros, K. B. (2015). Legacy from IIOE-1 to potential of space observations. The Indian Ocean Bubble, 2(3), 3‑5. Available at

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Metzl, N. (2015). Actualisation de la base internationale SOCAT de CO₂ océanique. Communiqué INSU/CNRS, 18/9/2015. (last access 08.12.2017).

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Borges, A. V., Alin, S. R., Chavez, F. P., Vlahos, P., Johnson, K. S., Holt, J. T., Balch, W. M., Bates, N., Brainard, R., Cai, W.‑J., Chen, C. T. A., Currie, K., Dai, M., Degrandpré, M., Delille, B., Dickson, A., Evans, W., Feely, R. A., Friederich, G. E., Gong, G.‑C., Hales, B., Hardman‑Mountford, N., Hendee, J., Hernandez‑Ayon, J. M., Hood, M., Huertas, E., Hydes, D., Ianson, D., Krasakopoulou, E., Litt, E., Luchetta, A., Mathis, J., McGillis, W. R., Murata, A., Newton, J., Ólafsson, J., Omar, A., Perez, F. F., Sabine, C., Salisbury, J. E., Salm, R., Sarma, V. V. S. S., Schneider, B., Sigler, M., Thomas, H., Turk, D., Vandemark, D., Wanninkhof, R., and Ward, B. (2010). A global sea surface carbon observing system: Inorganic and organic carbon dynamics in coastal oceans. In: Hall, J., Harrison, D. E., and Stammer, D. (eds) Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for SocietyVol 2, Venice, Italy, 21‑25 September 2009, ESA Publication WPP-306. doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.07.

Ciais, P., Dolman, A. J., Dargaville, R., Barrie, L., Bombelli, A., Butler, J., Canadell, P., and Moriyama, T. (2010). Geo Carbon Strategy, Geo Secretariat Geneva / FAO, Rome, 48 pp. (last access 09.12.2017).

Monteiro, P. M. S., Schuster, U., Hood, M., Lenton, A., Metzl, N., Olsen, A., Rogers, K., Sabine, C. L., Takahashi, T., Tilbrook, B., Yoder, J., Wanninkhof, R., and Watson, A. J. (2010). A global sea surface carbon observing system: Assessment of changing sea surface CO₂ and air-sea CO₂ fluxes. In: Hall, J., Harrison, D. E., Stammer, D. (eds.) Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Vol 2, Venice, Italy, 21‑25 September 2009, ESA Publication WPP-306. doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.64.


Schulze, E. D., Heinze, C., Gash, J., Volbers, A., Freibauer, A., and Kentarchos, A. (2009). Integrated assessment of the European and North Atlantic carbon balance: Key results, policy implications for post 2012 and research needs. European Commission. 144 pp. (last access 09.12.2017).

MSc and PhD theses


Fry, C. H. (2016). The causes of alkalinity variations in the global surface ocean. School of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK. PhD Thesis.


Landschützer, P. (2014). Variability of the global ocean carbon sink (1998‑2011). PhD thesis, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom, 171 pp. Available at (last access 09.12.2017).

Minter, E. J. A. (2014). Intra-specific variation, selection and climate change in the seas. PhD thesis, University of York, 106 pp. Available at (last access 09.12.2017).


Matthews, J. B. R. (2013). Seasonal variability of sea surface carbonate chemistry and temperature. PhD thesis. University of Victoria, Canada. 202 pp. Available at: (last access 28.11.2015).


Gregor, L. (2012). Seasonality of the marine carbonate system in the southern Benguela: nutrient stoichiometry, alkalinity production, and CO₂ flux. Master thesis. University of Cape Town. Available at (last access 23.08.2017).

Kvaestad, E. (2012). Mapping the fugacity of CO₂ in the Nordic seas and the northern North Atlantic Ocean. Master thesis. University of Bergen, Norway, 106 pp. Available at (last access 08.12.2015).

Jones, S. D. (2012). Spatio-temporal variability in surface ocean pCO₂ inferred from observations. PhD thesis, University of East Anglia, UK.155 pp. Available at (last access 08.12.2015.